Arizona Facts and Trivia

Arizona is a right-to-work state. The law states no person shall be denied the opportunity to obtain or retain employment because of non-membership in a labor organization.

The Arizona trout is found only in Arizona. saguaro cactus blossom

The saguaro cactus blossom is the official state flower. The white flower blooms on the tips of the saguaro cactus during May and June. The saguaro is the largest American cactus.

Arizona leads the nation in copper production.

Petrified wood is the official state fossil. Most petrified wood comes from the Petrified Forest in northeastern Arizona.

The bola tie is the official state neckwear.

The Palo Verde is the official state tree. Its name means green stick and it blooms a brilliant yellow-gold in April or May.

The cactus wren is the official state bird. It grows seven to eight inches long and likes to build nests in the protection of thorny desert plants like the arms of the giant saguaro cactus.

Turquoise is the official state gemstone. The blue-green stone has a somewhat waxy surface and can be found throughout the state.

Arizona is home of the Grand Canyon National Park. ringtail

The ringtail is the official state mammal. The ringtail is a small fox-like animal about two and one-half feet long and is a shy, nocturnal creature.

The amount of copper on the roof of the Capitol building is equivalent to 4,800,000 pennies.

Arizona observes Mountain Standard Time on a year-round basis. The one exception is the Navajo Nation, in the northeast corner of the state, which observes the daylight savings time.

The battleship USS Arizona was named in honor of the state. It was commissioned in 1913 and launched in 1915 from the Brooklyn Navy Yard.

World War II brought many military personnel to train at Luke and Thunderbird fields in Glendale.

The Castilian and Burgundian flags of Spain, the Mexican flag, the Confederate flag, and the flag of the United States have all flown over the land area that has become Arizona.

In 1926, the Southern Pacific Railroad connected Arizona with the eastern states.

The geographic center of Arizona is 55 miles (89 kilometers) southeast of Prescott.

Arizona's most abundant mineral is copper.

Bisbee, located in Tombstone Canyon, is known as the Queen of the Copper Mines. During its mining history the town was the largest city between Saint Louis and San Francisco.

The state's most popular natural wonders include the Grand Canyon, Havasu Canyon, Grand Canyon Caves, Lake Powell/Rainbow Bridge, Petrified Forest/Painted Desert, Monument Valley, Sunset Crater, Meteor Crater, Sedona Oak Creek Canyon, Salt River Canyon, Superstition Mountains, Picacho Peak State Park, Saguaro National Park, Chiricahua National Monument, and the Colorado River.

arizona tree frogThe Arizona tree frog is the state official amphibian. The frog is actually between three-quarter to two inches long.

Once a rowdy copper mining town, Jerome's population dwindled to as few as 50 people after the mines closed in 1953.

The original London Bridge was shipped stone-by-stone and reconstructed in Lake Havasu City.

The capitol of the Navajo Nation is Window Rock.

The state's precipitation varies. At Flagstaff the annual average is 18.31 inches; Phoenix averages 7.64 inches; and Yuma's annual average is 3.27 inches.

Crops include 2%; pastureland 57%; forests 24%; and other uses are 17% in land-use designation.

The Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake is perhaps the most beautiful of all eleven species of rattlesnakes found in Arizona.

The colors blue and gold are the official state colors.

Located in Fountain Hills is a fountain believed to be the tallest in the world.

Four Corners is noted as the spot in the United States where a person can stand in four states at the same time.

The age of a saguaro cactus is determined by its height.

Apache TroutThe Apache trout is considered a threatened species under the federal Endangered Species Act.

Arizona, among all the states, has the largest percentage of its land set aside and designated as Indian lands.

Rising to a height of 12,643 feet, Mount Humphreys north of Flagstaff is the state's highest mountain.

The Hopi Indians of Arizona are noted for growing their multicolored corn.

Barry Goldwater, a famous public official, senator, and presidential candidate was born in Phoenix.

In 1939 architect Frank Lloyd Wright's studio, Taliesin West, was built near Phoenix.

Oraibi is the oldest Indian settlement in the United States. The Hopis Indians founded it.

Grand Canyon's Flaming Gorge got its name for its blazing red and orange colored, twelve-hundred-foot-high walls.

Grand Canyon's Disaster Falls was named to commemorate the site of a previous explorer's wreck.

Grand Canyon's Marble Canyon got its name from its thousand-foot-thick seam of marble and for its walls eroded to a polished glass finish.

Arizona became the 48th state on February 14, 1912.

The world's largest solar telescope isat Kitts Peak National Observatory in Sells.

camelAt one time camels were used to transport goods across Arizona.

Between the years 1692 and 1711 Father Eusebio Kino focused on area missionary work. During the time many grain and stock farms began.

A person from Arizona is called an Arizonan.

Phoenix originated in 1866 as a hay camp to supply Camp McDowell.

The famous labor leader, Ceasar Estrada Chavez, was born in Yuma.

Tombstone, Ruby, Gillette, and Gunsight are among the ghost towns scattered throughout the state

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Did you know……

Grand Canyon:

Grand Canyon rim overlookGrand Canyon is at Latitude 36° North, Longitude -112°

Time Zone: Mountain (never changes to Daylight Savings Time, so much of the year the time is the same as in California).

Grand Canyon established as a forest preserve in 1892

Became a national monument in 1908

Designated a national park in 1919

National park enlarged in 1975

Length in air miles: 190

Length in river miles: 277

Grand Canyon aerial photoTotal acreage: 1,215,375

Maximum width: 18 miles

Minimum width: 600 feet at Marble Canyon

Average width: 10 miles

Minimum width of Colorado River: 76 feet

Average width of Colorado River: 300 feet

Maximum depth of river: 85 feet

Average depth of river: 40 feet

Number of rapids: 160

River average gradient: 8 feet per mile

Total miles of trails in the park: 400

Total number of those trail miles that are maintained: 30.7

Number of miles of roads: 355

Number of bird species in park: 287

South Rim DeerNumber of mammal species: 88

Number of reptile and amphibians species: 58

Number of plant species: 1,500

Number of fish species: 26

Number of biotic life zones in the park: 5 (the same as traveling from Mexico to Canada)

Endangered wildlife species: 3 (bald eagle, peregrine falcon, humpback chub)

Endangered plant species: 2 (Brady pincushion cactus and sentry milkvetch)

Number of known archaeological sites within the park: 2,700

Number of Indian reservations in the park: 1 (Havasupai)

Number of buildings listed as National Landmarks: 120

Number of structures on National Register of Historic Places: 136

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Saguaro cactus and hawkPhoenix is not only a city in Arizona, it is also a city in New York, Maryland, Oregon and many other states.

It is illegal to hunt camels in the State of Arizona.

Arizona once had a navy consisting of two boats on the Colorado River.  They were used to prevent California from encroaching on Arizona territory.

The name Arizona comes from the Indian “Arizonac” which means  “little spring”.

Phoenix averages 211 days of sunshine per year.  An additional 85 days per year are only partly cloudy, leaving an average of 69 days of cloudy or rainy days.

The Phoenix airport, Sky Harbor International Airport, is the sixth busiest airport in the country.

South Mountain Park covers more than 20,000 acres, making it the largest city park in the world.

A Saguaro Cactus will take between 50 and 100 years to grow an arm.  The Saguaro cactus flower is the official state flower of Arizona.

There are 11.2 million acres of National Forest in Arizona and one fourth of the state is forested. The largest forest is comprised of Ponderosa Pine.

In the City of Glendale it is illegal for a car to back up.

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And a couple more….

Man lying on ground in desertIn Arizona, it is unlawful to refuse a person a glass of water

When being attacked by a criminal or burglar, you may only protect yourself with the same weapon that the other person possesses.

No one is permitted to ride their horse up the stairs of the county court house in Prescott, Arizona.

red maskAny misdemeanor committed while wearing a red mask is considered a felony

In Globe, Arizona, Cards may not be played in the street with a Native American.

Arizona became the 48th state on February 14, 1912.

One must be 18 years old to buy spray paint in Tempe, Arizona.

There is a possible 25 years in prison for cutting down a cactus.

Arizona is roughly the size of Italy.

Arizona has more parks and national monuments than any other state, more mountains than Switzerland, and more golf courses than Scotland.

The famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral only lasted about thirty seconds.

The hottest recorded day in Phoenix was June 26, 1990, when the temperature hit 122 degrees.

It is illegal in Tucson for women to wear pants.

missing toothIn Tombstone it is illegal for men and women over the age of 18 to have more than one missing tooth visible when smiling

Don't believe everything you hear. Legend has it that the barrel cactus is a good source of water in the desert. Well, you can try it, but you won't like it. The pulp can be crushed to create a liquid, but the juice would peel the hide off a Gila Monster

An ordinance prohibits the wearing of suspenders in Nogales, Arizona.

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